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Acknowledgements

The following information has been sourced from the Royal Mint website and http://www.coins-of-the-uk.co.uk and http://www.ukcoinpics.co.uk/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_One_Pound

Special issue 1 coins.

The One Pound coin was introduced in 1983 as inflation had reduced the purchasing of the note to a very low level.

One of the most interesting characteristics of this coin is the change in design each year, covering each of the countries that comprise the United Kingdom, and the use of an edge inscription for security.

The one pound coin weighs 9.50 grams and has a diameter of 22.50 mm. (the sovereign weighs 8.0 grams and is 22 mm diameter). Most if not all issues are available as sterling silver proofs of the same weight and diameter.

There are three obverse types that have been used:

First Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D <date> starting top right
Used from 1983 to 1984.

Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D <date> starting low left
Used from 1985 to 1997.

Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D <date> starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.
Used from 1998.

There are seven edge inscriptions that have been used. All of them are superimposed on a reeded edge, and are applied to the blanks before the coin is struck. Thus there is a 50% chance of the edge inscription being a particular way up. Blanks with the edge inscription but no design or edge reeding have been found in circulation, but are very rare.


Edge Inscription
Translation
Years
     
Decus et Tutamen 'An ornament and a safeguard' from Virgils Aeneid 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2008, 209
     
Nemo Me Impune Lacessit 'No one provokes me with impunity'. The Motto of the Order of the Thistle 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999
     
Pleidiol Wyf I'm Gwlad 'True am I to my country' from the Welsh National Anthem 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000
     
An incuse decorative feature symbolising bridges and pathways   2004,2005,2006,2007
     

 
Country
Year of issue
MM
Description
Circulation Mintages
Reverse
£1
1983, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008
-

Ornamental royal arms.

Type 1 - 1983 Obverse: First Portrait.

Type 8 - 1993 Obverse: Second Portrait.

Type 13 - 1998, 2003 & 2008 Obverse: third Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN ("An ornament and a safeguard" – originally on 17th century coins, this refers to the inscribed edge as a protection against the clipping of precious metal. The original appearance of the phrase is attributed to an epic poem by Virgil — "viro decus et tutamen in armis" (Aeneid, Book V, L. 262), describing a piece of armour, a breast-plate interwoven with gold, which was awarded as a prize to Mnestheus.) Designed by Eric Sewell.

There are 100 beads around the edge, representing the 100 pence in a pound.

1998 Issued in collectors' sets only, not for circulation.

1983 ~ 443,053,510

1993 ~ 114,744,500

2003 ~ 61,596,500

2008 ~ 3,910,000

£1
1984, 1989
-

Thistle sprig in a coronet, representing Scotland.

Type 2 - 1984 - Obverse: First Portrait.

Type 7 - 1989 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT ("No-one provokes me with impunity" – the Latin motto of the Order of the Thistle).

1984 ~ 146,256,501

1989 ~ 70,580,501

£1
1985, 1990
-

Leek in a coronet, representing Wales.

Type 3 - 1985 & 1990 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: PLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD ("True am I to my country" – from the chorus of the Welsh National Anthem).

The 1985 coin has an edge inscription 2.0 mm high, while that for the 1990 coin is distinctly different and only 1.7 mm high.

1985 ~ 228,430,749

1990 ~ 97,269,302

£1
1986, 1991
-

Flax in a coronet, representing Northern Ireland.

Type 4 - 1986 & 1991 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

The 1986 coin has an edge inscription 2.0 mm high, while that for the 1991 coin is distinctly different and only 1.7 mm high.

1986 ~ 10,409,501

1991 ~ 38,443,575

£1
1987, 1992
-

Oak tree in a coronet, representing England.

Type 5 - 1987 & 1992 - Obverse: Second Portrait

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

The 1987 coin has an edge inscription 2.0 mm high, while that for the 1992 coin is distinctly different and only 1.7 mm high.

1987 ~ 39,298,502

1992 ~ 36,320,487

£1
1988
-

Crown over the Royal coat of arms.

Type 6 - 1988 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

1988 ~ 7,118,825
£1
1994, 1999
-

Lion Rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory, representing Scotland.

Type 9 - 1994 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Type 14 - 1999 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT.

1999 Issued in collectors' sets only, not for circulation

1994 ~ 29,752,525
£1
1995, 2000
-

Dragon Passant representing Wales.

Typ1 10 - 1995 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Type 15 - 2000 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: PLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD.

1995 ~ 34,503,501

2000 ~ 109,496,500

£1
1996, 2001
-

Celtic cross and pimpernel, representing Northern Ireland.

Type 11 - 1996 - Obverse: Second Portrait

Type 16 - 2001 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

1996 ~ 89,886,000

2001 ~ 63,968,065

£1
1997, 2002
-

Three lions passant guardant, representing England.

Type 12 - 1997 - Obverse: Second Portrait

Type 17 - 2002 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

1997 ~ 57,117,450

2002 ~ 77,818,000

£1
2004
-

Forth Bridge (Scotland).

Type 18 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2004, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: Forth Rail Bridge, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a railway line.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular, reminiscent of the shape of the bridge.

2004 ~ 39,162,000
£1
2005
-

Menai Suspension Bridge (Wales).

Type 19 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2005, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: Menai Suspension Bridge, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a truss.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular.

Designed by Edwina Ellis.

2005 ~ 99,429,500
£1
2006
-

MacNeill's Egyptian Arch at Newry (Belfast–Dublin railway line, Northern Ireland).

Type 20 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2006, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: MacNeill's Egyptian Arch, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a truss.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular.

Designed by Edwina Ellis.

2006 ~ 38,938,000
£1
2007
-

Millennium Bridge, Newcastle/Gateshead (England).

Type 21 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2007, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: Millennium Bridge, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a truss.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular.

Designed by Edwina Ellis.

2007 ~ 26,180,160
£1

2008, 2009, 2010

-

The shield from the Royal Coat of Arms.

Type 22 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2008, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: The Royal Shield, ONE and POUND either side of the shield.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

Issued from 2008. 2010 not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.

2008 ~ 29,433,000

2009 ~ ???

2010 ~ ???

£1
2010
-

Coat of Arms of the City of London.

Type 23 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2010, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of the City of London, LONDON above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; Cardiff, Belfast and Edinburgh)

Edge inscription: DOMINE DIRIGE NOS ("Lord, guide us." – the Latin motto of the City of London).

To be issued in 2010 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.

???
£1
2010
-

Coat of Arms of Belfast.

Type 24 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2010, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of Belfast, BELFAST above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; Edinburgh, London, Cardiff)

Edge inscription: PRO TANTO QUID RETRIBUAMUS ("For so much, what shall we give in return?" – the Latin motto of Belfast).

To be issued in 2010 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.

???
£1
2011
-

Coat of Arms of Cardiff.

Type 25 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of Cardiff, CARDIFF above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; Belfast, Edinburgh, London)

Edge inscription: Y DDRAIG GOCH DDYRY CYCHWYN (THE RED DRAGON SHALL LEAD)

Designed by Stuart Devlin

To be issued in 2011 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.


-
£1
2011
-

Coat of Arms of Edinburgh.

Type 26 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of Edinburgh, EDINBURGH above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; London, Cardiff, Belfast)

Edge inscription: NISI DOMINUS FRUSTRA (IT IS VAIN WITHOUT THE LORD)

Designed by Stuart Devlin

To be issued in 2011 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.


-
£1
2012
-
-

-
-
£1
2013
-

British Heritage - England

Depicting pairs of floral emblems, it is the first floral series since the 1984 floral series started, which was a bestseller. The 2013 coins show the rose and the oak to represent England.

Reverse Designer: Timothy Noad
Obverse Designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS
Edge Inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN


-
£1
2013
-

British Heritage - Wales

Depicting pairs of floral emblems, it is the first floral series since the 1984 floral series started, which was a bestseller. The 2013 coins show the leek and the daffodil for Wales.

Reverse Designer: Timothy Noad
Obverse Designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS
Edge Inscription: PLEIDIOL WYF I’M GWLAD

-
£1
2014
-

British Heritage - Scotland

Depicting pairs of floral emblems, it is the first floral series since the 1984 floral series started, which was a bestseller. The 2014 coins show ???????? to represent Scotland.


-
£1
2014
-

British Heritage - Northern Island

Depicting pairs of floral emblems, it is the first floral series since the 1984 floral series started, which was a bestseller. The 2014 coins show ???????? to represent Northern Ireland.


-
£1
2016
-

Last Round Pound 2016 United Kingdom

A fond farewell for the nation’s coin

The last ‘round pound’

2016 marks the end of an era in Britain’s coinage as The Royal Mint issues the last ‘round pound’. The coin was introduced in 1983 and has been decorated with patriotic designs for more than three decades. The round pound will make way for a new 12-sided coin in 2017 but not before it has a final send off. The round £1 coin will begin to be phased out in 2016, so this farewell coin will not enter circulation, however, you have an opportunity to own the last ‘round pound’ before it passes from currency to history.

The heraldic beasts of the United Kingdom have been captured on this last edition of the round £1 coin in an original design by Gregory Cameron. His mythical creatures, each representing one of the home nations, have been finished to Brilliant Uncirculated standard – a finish superior to circulating coins. The coin is housed in a fold-out presentation pack to protect and display this final release of the last ‘round pound’.

 


-
£1
2017
-

The New 12-sided £1 Coin

The new UK £1 coin will enter circulation in March 2017, and The Royal Mint is producing 1.5 billion of the new coins.

The final specification of the coin and method of introduction were decided after a ten-week public consultation which looked at the physical and material characteristics of the coin, as well as the parameters for the transition. Her Majesty’s Treasury and The Royal Mint are continuing to work with industry to introduce the new coin in a manageable way.

To view the government’s published consultation response please visit the below link
Consultation Response Paper

For more information on:
•why the new coin is being introduced
•the specification of the new £1 coin
•the timetable for the introduction of the new £1 coin
•guidance for businesses on what they need to do to prepare, including free downloadable resources and
•Frequently Asked Questions

please visit www.thenewpoundcoin.com.

 


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All dates except 1998, 1999 and 2010 have entered circulation, although some are rarely seen, particularly 1986 and 1988. The shortage of the latter is more noticeable because of its very distinctive design; the design of the 1986 coin is somewhat similar to other designs so its scarcity is not so obvious.

Patterns similar to the new bridge designs but with no inscription of value were made available to the public. In addition, silver proofs and some silver piedfort proofs were issued by the Royal Mint.

50 Pence commemorative coins
2 commemorative coins
Crown commemorative coins