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Acknowledgements

The following information has been sourced from the Royal Mint website and http://www.coins-of-the-uk.co.uk and http://www.ukcoinpics.co.uk/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_One_Pound

1 commemorative coins
2 commemorative coins
Crown commemorative coins

50 pence coins - Background Information

In October 1969 the 50p joined the 5p (shilling) and 10p (florin) coins in circulation, leaving only the three copper coins to be introduced on 15 February 1971 to complete the new series of decimal coins. The design on the reverse of the 50p coin features a symbol of Britannia that has appeared on our coinage since 1672. While this design may have been traditional, the shape of the new 50p coin, an equilateral curve heptagon, was revolutionary. This made it easily distinguishable from round coins both by feel and by sight, while its constant breadth allowed it to roll in vending machines.

With the introduction of smaller 5p and 10p coins in 1990 and 1992 respectively, the 50p became the largest coin in circulation. In October 1994 the Government announced a further review of the United Kingdom coinage. The results revealed a requirement for a smaller 50p coin, which was duly introduced on 1 September 1997.

Since its issue the 50p has been used on several occasions to celebrate important events, each being commemorated by a new reverse design.

The 50p is legal tender for amounts up to £10.

Special issue 50 pence coins.

Country
Year of issue
MM
Description
Mintage
Quality
Packing
Reverse
-
-
-

First large type

Obv: First Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D.G.REG.F.D (date) starting low left. Portrait by Arnold Machin

ELIZABETH II D.G.REG.F.D - ELIZABETH II Dei Gratia REGina Fedei Defensor (ELIZABETH II, By the Grace of God Queen and Defender of the Faith)

Rev: Britannia, 50 below, NEW PENCE above. Designed by Christopher Ironside.

Issued from 1969 to 1972, and 1974 to 1981 (1971-72 and 1974-75 in Proof only)

-
50p
1973
-


Second large type
- United Kingdom's accession to the European Economic Community

Obv: First Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D starting top right (no date on obverse)

Rev: Nine clasped hands in a circle, 1973 / 50 / PENCE in the centre

Issued in 1973 only. The Proof is arguably more common than the uncirculated circulation issue.

The inscription "50 PENCE" and the date of the year, surrounded by nine hands, symbolising the nine members of the Community, clasping one another in a mutual gesture of trust, assistance and friendship

Designed by David Wynne

89,775,000

-
-
-

Third large type

Obv: First Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting low left

Rev: Britannia, 50 below, FIFTY PENCE above

Issued from 1982 to 1984 (1984 only obtainable from Mint and Proof sets)

-
-
-
-

Fourth large type

Obv: Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting top right

Rev: Britannia, 50 below, FIFTY PENCE above

Issued from 1985 to 1993 and 1995 to 1997 (All except 1985 obtainable only from Mint and Proof sets). The 1996 version exists as a silver proof.

-
50p
1992-3
-

Fifth large type - United Kingdom's Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the completion of the Single European Market

Obv: Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D starting low left (no date on obverse)

Rev: A representation of a table on which are placed twelve stars, linked by a network of lines to each other and also to twelve chairs around the table, on one of which appear the letters "UK", andwith the dates "1992" and "1993" above and the value "50 PENCE" below

This was issued to celebrate the completion of the EC single market and the British Presidency. A circulation issue was made, but in small quantities

Designed by Mary Milner Dickens

109,000
50p
1994
-

Sixth large type - 50th Anniversary of the D-Day Landings

Obv: Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 1994 starting low left

Rev: An invasion force of planes and ships. 50 PENCE to right

This was issued to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of D-Day. A circulation issue was made, but in small quantities. A few were found in change. Designed by John Mills.

A design representing the Allied invasion force heading for Normandy andfilling the sea and sky, together with the value "50 PENCE"

Designed by John Mills

6,705,520
50p
1997
-
First small type

Obv: Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting low left

Rev: Britannia, 50 below, FIFTY PENCE above

Issued only in 1997, but in large numbers.


-
-
-
-
Second small type

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Portrait by: Ian Rank-Broadley (IRB)

Rev: Britannia, 50 below, FIFTY PENCE above

Issued from 1998 to 2006. About 55 million 1998 50p's were issued.

50p coins of this design dated 2007 are available in proof Royal Mint sets, but for some reason not in the Uncirculated Coin Set.

-
50p
1998
-

Third small type - 25th anniversary of UK's entry into the European Community

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking 25th anniversary of UK's entry into the European Community.

It looks like a firework display of 12 stars with the inscription 1973 EU 1998 underneath, with 50 PENCE below.

United Kingdom's Presidency of the European Union, and the 25th Anniversary of the United Kingdom's accession to the European Economic Community

Designed by John Mills

5,043,000
50p
1998
-
Fourth small type - 50th Anniversary of theNational Health Service

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking 50th anniversary of the formation of the National Health Service.

'Caring hands' holding suns rays, FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY above, 50 PENCE below, NHS repeated 5 times in the border

Designed by David Cornell

24,905,000
50p
2000
-

Fifth small type - 150th Anniversary of the Public Libraries Act

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2000 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the centenary of the Public Libraries Act of 1850. Open book above pillared building inscribed PUBLIC LIBRARIES, 1850 2000 above, 50 PENCE to the right.

Designed by Mary Milner Dickens

11,263,000
50p
2003
-
Sixth small type - 100th Anniversary of the formation of the Women's Social and Political Union

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2003 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the centenary of the Women's Social and Political Union (The Suffragettes). Suffragette chained to railing and holding banner inscribed WSPU in her left hand. 50 PENCE to the left, and a billboard inscribed GIVE WOMEN THE VOTE to the right, with 1903 below and 2003 to the right.

Designed by Mary Milner Dickens

3,124,030
50p
2004
-
Seventh small type - 50th Anniversary of the first four-minute mile by Roger Bannister

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2004 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the fiftieth anniversary of the first four-minute mile by Roger Bannister. Legs of a runner with a stopwatch showing just under four minutes. 50 PENCE below.

Designed by James Butler

9,032,500
50p
2005
-
Eighth small type - 250th Anniversary of Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2005 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Samuel Johnson's first English Dictionary. 50/FI'FTY.adj/s.[FIFTIZ, Saxon.]/PENCE .n.s./plural of penny/JOHNSON'S/DICTIONARY 1755.

Designed by Tom Phillips

17,649,000

50p
2006
-

Ninth small type - 150th Anniversary of the institution of theVictoria Cross

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2006 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Victoria Cross. Pictures of both sides of the Victoria Cross, the reverse engraved 29 JAN 1856. VC FIFTY PENCE below.

Designed by Claire Aldridge

12,087,000
50p
2006
-
Tenth small type - 150th Anniversary of the institution of the Victoria Cross

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2006 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Victoria Cross. Depiction of a soldier carrying a wounded comrade with an outline of the Victoria Cross surrounded by a sunburst effect in the background.

Designed by Clive Duncan

12,087,000
50p
2007
-
Eleventh small type - Centenary of the Foundation of the Scouting Movement

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2007 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Commemorative design marking the one hundredth anniversary of the Scout Movement. Fleur-de-Lys symbol of the Scout Movement, FIFTY PENCE above, BE PREPARED below, 1907 to the left and 2007 to the right

Designed by Kerry Jones

7,710,750

50p
2008
-

Twelfth small type - New reverse

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D (date) starting low left. Initials IRB below bust. Central point of edge below Queen's head.

Rev: Bottom apex of the Royal Arms, FIFTY PENCE below

Issued from 2008. 2009

Note the change in orientation of the obverse

-
50p
2009
-

Thirteenth small type - Kew Gardens 250th Anniversary

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D starting low left. FIFTY PENCE below. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: The Kew Chinese Pagoda, climbing plant around, 1759 to left, 2009 to right. 'Kew' at base

To be issued in 2009. Not yet seen in circulation; available in Royal Mint sets only. Proofs in silver.

Note that the denomination is in words on the obverse

???
50p
2009
-

Fourteenth small type - Athletics reverse for London 2012 Olympic Games:

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2009 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Child jumping over a stick. London 2012 Olympics symbol above, 50 PENCE below. Designed by Florence Jackson

To be issued in 2010. Not yet seen in circulation; 2009 versions available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by an 8 year old girl who won a 'Blue Peter' competition

???
50p
2010
-

Fifteenth small type - Celebrating 100 Years of Girlguiding UK

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2010 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: Pattern of Cloverleaves, CELEBRATING ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF GIRLGUIDING UK, 50 PENCE below

To be issued in 2010. Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Jonathan Evans and Donna Hainan

???
50p
2011
-

Sixteenth small type - Celebrating 50th Anniversary of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a selection of 50 stylised icons (mammals, birds, fish, insects and lizards, fruit, seeds, trees and plants etc.) to represent the various facets of the WWF, WWF shown in the centre of the reverse with 2011 at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Matthew Dent

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Aquatics

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a swimmer. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Jonathan Olliffe

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Archery

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: an arrow tensioned in a bow about to be released. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Piotr Powaga

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Athletics

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a pole vaulter. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Florence Jackson

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Badminton

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a shuttlecock with players in the background Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Emma Kelly

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Basketball

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: basketball background with players in front. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Sarah Payne

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Boccia

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a player. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Justin Chung

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Boxing

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a pair of boxing gloves. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Shane Abery

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Canoeing

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: canoeist Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Timothy Lees

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Cycling

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: cyclist. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Theo Crutchley-Mack

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Equestrian

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a horse jumping. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Thomas Babbage

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Fencing

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: two fencers. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Ruth Summerfield

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Football

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a pitch outline with OFFSIDE EXPLAINED. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Neil Wolfson

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Goalball

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a player throwing ball. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Jonathan Wren

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Gymnastics

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a gymnast with floating ribbon. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Jonathan Olliffe

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Hanball

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a handball player. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Natasha Ratcliffe

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Hockey

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: two hockey players. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Robert Evans

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Judo

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: two wrestlers. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by David Cornell

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Pentathlon

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: symbols of each pentathlon sport. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Daniel Brittain

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Rowing

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a 2 person rowing boat amidst the words EXCELLENCE, FRIENDSHIP, FAIR PLAY, RESPECT . Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by David Podmore

-

-
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Sailing

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: three yachts. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Bruce Rushin

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Shooting

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a marksman shooting. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Pravin Dewdhory

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Table Tennis

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a table tennis ball crossing 2 bats with a table tennis table in the background. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Alan Linsdell

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Taekwondo

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: two Taekwondo competitors. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by David Gibbons

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Tennis

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a tennis ball scaling a net. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Tracy Baines

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Triathlon

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a runner, cyclist and swimmer. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Sarah Harvey

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Volleyball

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: volleyball players. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Daniela Boothman

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Weightlifting

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a weightlifter. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Rob Shakespeare

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Wheelchair Rugby

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: a wheelchair rugby player. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Natasha Ratcliffe

???
50p
2011
-

Celebrating London 2012 50p Sports Collection - Wrestling

One of a series of 29 coins to celebrate the 2012 olympics being held in London

Obv: Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011 starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.

Rev: two wrestlers. Olumpic 2012 logo shown at the top with 50 PENCE at the bottom.

Not yet seen in circulation; Available in Royal Mint sets only.

Designed by Roderick Enriquez

???
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
 

The full designation of the Britannia reverse is 'The seated figure of Britannia'. The use of this figure carries on a long tradition of using this type of reverse, dating back to the time of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, whose main claim to fame in this country is the Antonine Wall that he had built out of turf between the Forth and the Clyde.

After the introduction of the pound coin in 1983 demand for the coin dropped significantly, and although well used, fewer were tied up in slot machines, so the banks had a large surplus in stock. This is why so few have been released into circulation since 1985.

The need to reduce the size was not made clear. One argument at the time of its introduction was that the coin's circulation life of 50 years is far in excess of the circulation life of a 10 shilling banknote. They did not even reach 30 years.

With the reduction in size the old larger coins have now been withdrawn from circulation, and demonetized with effect from 28th February 1998, although they can still be exchanged at banks.

Unusually for the time, all three designs of 1998 50p piece were issued for circulation. Previously, when a commemorative design has been issued for general circulation, the traditional Britannia reverse version had only been available (if at all) in Proof or Uncirculated sets. This has now changed, because a decision has been made by the Royal Mint to keep commemorative designs a bit special. Such special designs can be expected to have a normal issue level of 5 million. If the annual demand for 50p coins exceeds this, the balance are struck with the Britannia reverse.

50 Pence commemorative coins

Special issue 1 coins.

The One Pound coin was introduced in 1983 as inflation had reduced the purchasing of the note to a very low level.

One of the most interesting characteristics of this coin is the change in design each year, covering each of the countries that comprise the United Kingdom, and the use of an edge inscription for security.

The one pound coin weighs 9.50 grams and has a diameter of 22.50 mm. (the sovereign weighs 8.0 grams and is 22 mm diameter). Most if not all issues are available as sterling silver proofs of the same weight and diameter.

There are three obverse types that have been used:

First Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D <date> starting top right
Used from 1983 to 1984.

Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D <date> starting low left
Used from 1985 to 1997.

Third Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D <date> starting low left. Initials IRB below bust.
Used from 1998.

There are seven edge inscriptions that have been used. All of them are superimposed on a reeded edge, and are applied to the blanks before the coin is struck. Thus there is a 50% chance of the edge inscription being a particular way up. Blanks with the edge inscription but no design or edge reeding have been found in circulation, but are very rare.


Edge Inscription
Translation
Years
     
Decus et Tutamen 'An ornament and a safeguard' from Virgils Aeneid 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2008, 209
     
Nemo Me Impune Lacessit 'No one provokes me with impunity'. The Motto of the Order of the Thistle 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999
     
Pleidiol Wyf I'm Gwlad 'True am I to my country' from the Welsh National Anthem 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000
     
An incuse decorative feature symbolising bridges and pathways   2004,2005,2006,2007
     

 
Country
Year of issue
MM
Description
Circulation Mintages
Reverse
£1
1983, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008
-

Ornamental royal arms.

Type 1 - 1983 Obverse: First Portrait.

Type 8 - 1993 Obverse: Second Portrait.

Type 13 - 1998, 2003 & 2008 Obverse: third Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN ("An ornament and a safeguard" – originally on 17th century coins, this refers to the inscribed edge as a protection against the clipping of precious metal. The original appearance of the phrase is attributed to an epic poem by Virgil — "viro decus et tutamen in armis" (Aeneid, Book V, L. 262), describing a piece of armour, a breast-plate interwoven with gold, which was awarded as a prize to Mnestheus.) Designed by Eric Sewell.

There are 100 beads around the edge, representing the 100 pence in a pound.

1998 Issued in collectors' sets only, not for circulation.

1983 ~ 443,053,510

1993 ~ 114,744,500

2003 ~ 61,596,500

2008 ~ 3,910,000

£1
1984, 1989
-

Thistle sprig in a coronet, representing Scotland.

Type 2 - 1984 - Obverse: First Portrait.

Type 7 - 1989 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT ("No-one provokes me with impunity" – the Latin motto of the Order of the Thistle).

1984 ~ 146,256,501

1989 ~ 70,580,501

£1
1985, 1990
-

Leek in a coronet, representing Wales.

Type 3 - 1985 & 1990 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: PLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD ("True am I to my country" – from the chorus of the Welsh National Anthem).

The 1985 coin has an edge inscription 2.0 mm high, while that for the 1990 coin is distinctly different and only 1.7 mm high.

1985 ~ 228,430,749

1990 ~ 97,269,302

£1
1986, 1991
-

Flax in a coronet, representing Northern Ireland.

Type 4 - 1986 & 1991 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

The 1986 coin has an edge inscription 2.0 mm high, while that for the 1991 coin is distinctly different and only 1.7 mm high.

1986 ~ 10,409,501

1991 ~ 38,443,575

£1
1987, 1992
-

Oak tree in a coronet, representing England.

Type 5 - 1987 & 1992 - Obverse: Second Portrait

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

The 1987 coin has an edge inscription 2.0 mm high, while that for the 1992 coin is distinctly different and only 1.7 mm high.

1987 ~ 39,298,502

1992 ~ 36,320,487

£1
1988
-

Crown over the Royal coat of arms.

Type 6 - 1988 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

1988 ~ 7,118,825
£1
1994, 1999
-

Lion Rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory, representing Scotland.

Type 9 - 1994 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Type 14 - 1999 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT.

1999 Issued in collectors' sets only, not for circulation

1994 ~ 29,752,525
£1
1995, 2000
-

Dragon Passant representing Wales.

Typ1 10 - 1995 - Obverse: Second Portrait.

Type 15 - 2000 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: PLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD.

1995 ~ 34,503,501

2000 ~ 109,496,500

£1
1996, 2001
-

Celtic cross and pimpernel, representing Northern Ireland.

Type 11 - 1996 - Obverse: Second Portrait

Type 16 - 2001 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

1996 ~ 89,886,000

2001 ~ 63,968,065

£1
1997, 2002
-

Three lions passant guardant, representing England.

Type 12 - 1997 - Obverse: Second Portrait

Type 17 - 2002 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

1997 ~ 57,117,450

2002 ~ 77,818,000

£1
2004
-

Forth Bridge (Scotland).

Type 18 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2004, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: Forth Rail Bridge, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a railway line.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular, reminiscent of the shape of the bridge.

2004 ~ 39,162,000
£1
2005
-

Menai Suspension Bridge (Wales).

Type 19 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2005, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: Menai Suspension Bridge, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a truss.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular.

Designed by Edwina Ellis.

2005 ~ 99,429,500
£1
2006
-

MacNeill's Egyptian Arch at Newry (Belfast–Dublin railway line, Northern Ireland).

Type 20 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2006, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: MacNeill's Egyptian Arch, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a truss.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular.

Designed by Edwina Ellis.

2006 ~ 38,938,000
£1
2007
-

Millennium Bridge, Newcastle/Gateshead (England).

Type 21 - Obverse: Third Portrait.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2007, starting below, IRB directly under the bust. Encircled by dots.

Reverse: Millennium Bridge, ONE POUND below. Encircled by a truss.

Edge: Two overlapping lines, one curved and one angular.

Designed by Edwina Ellis.

2007 ~ 26,180,160
£1

2008, 2009, 2010

-

The shield from the Royal Coat of Arms.

Type 22 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2008, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: The Royal Shield, ONE and POUND either side of the shield.

Edge inscription: DECUS ET TUTAMEN.

Issued from 2008. 2010 not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.

2008 ~ 29,433,000

2009 ~ ???

2010 ~ ???

£1
2010
-

Coat of Arms of the City of London.

Type 23 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2010, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of the City of London, LONDON above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; Cardiff, Belfast and Edinburgh)

Edge inscription: DOMINE DIRIGE NOS ("Lord, guide us." – the Latin motto of the City of London).

To be issued in 2010 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.

???
£1
2010
-

Coat of Arms of Belfast.

Type 24 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2010, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of Belfast, BELFAST above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; Edinburgh, London, Cardiff)

Edge inscription: PRO TANTO QUID RETRIBUAMUS ("For so much, what shall we give in return?" – the Latin motto of Belfast).

To be issued in 2010 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.

???
£1
2011
-

Coat of Arms of Cardiff.

Type 25 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of Cardiff, CARDIFF above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; Belfast, Edinburgh, London)

Edge inscription: Y DDRAIG GOCH DDYRY CYCHWYN (THE RED DRAGON SHALL LEAD)

Designed by Stuart Devlin

To be issued in 2011 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.


-
£1
2011
-

Coat of Arms of Edinburgh.

Type 26 - Obverse: Third Portrait. No beading.

Obverse: Rank-Broadley head, inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG F D 2011, starting below, IRB directly under the bust.

Reverse: Circular Coat of Arms of Edinburgh, EDINBURGH above at top, ONE and POUND around each side of the Shield. Small Coats of Arms of the other 3 capital cities of the UK in the intended set along bottom (left to right; London, Cardiff, Belfast)

Edge inscription: NISI DOMINUS FRUSTRA (IT IS VAIN WITHOUT THE LORD)

Designed by Stuart Devlin

To be issued in 2011 but not yet in circulation, available in Royal Mint sets only.


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All dates except 1998, 1999 and 2010 have entered circulation, although some are rarely seen, particularly 1986 and 1988. The shortage of the latter is more noticeable because of its very distinctive design; the design of the 1986 coin is somewhat similar to other designs so its scarcity is not so obvious.

Patterns similar to the new bridge designs but with no inscription of value were made available to the public. In addition, silver proofs and some silver piedfort proofs were issued by the Royal Mint.

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50 Pence commemorative coins
1 commemorative coins
Crown commemorative coins

Special issue 2 coins.

Introduction

A two pound coin in the same nickel brass alloy as the pound coin (thought to be 70% copper, 24½% zinc and 5½% nickel) was first introduced in 1986 as a commemorative coin, although it was legal tender and was accepted by shops. However, quantities were never in sufficient numbers for general circulation to take place.

In 1997 a new design, a bimetallic coin of the same diameter but thinner, was to be introduced for general circulation, but the issue was postponed to June 1998 because of technical problems regarding the acceptance of the coins by vending machines. Coins dated both 1997 and 1998 were then placed into circulation.

Edge Inscriptions

All bimetallic two pound coins, and some of the pre-1987 commemorative two pound coins, have an edge inscription as a security measure.

As the edge inscriptions are stamped on the edge of blank coins before striking, they can (and do) appear either way up in theoretically equal quantities.

 

Single Metal Commemorative Issues, 1986 - 1996

In 1986 a nickel-brass two pound coin was issued to commemorate the 13th Commonwealth Games held in Scotland that year.

During the succeeding years a total of six further commemorative two pound coins were issued.

The coin weighs 15.98 grams and has a diameter of 28.40 mm. This is exactly the same specification as the gold two pound coin, and indeed in some years the same design has been struck as the year's gold issue. The edge of all issues is milled, although some have an additional edge inscription.

The first six issues have the same obverse:

Second Portrait, inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D starting low left, TWO POUNDS below.


New Bi-metallic Two Pounds

In 1997 a new design was produced for circulation. It was the first bi-metallic coin issued in the UK since the tin farthings with a copper plug in 1692. Due to technical difficulties the new coins were not released by banks until the middle of 1998.

The coin is 12.00 grams in weight, and 28.40 mm diameter, thus maintaining the same diameter as, but weighing less than, the former type. It has a cupro-nickel inner disc and a nickel-brass outer ring, the composition for which is 76% Cu, 20% Zn and 4% Ni.

Proof versions in silver and gold are known. The former has gold layering for the outer ring.

 

Country
Year of issue
MM
Description
Mintage
Quality
Packing
Reverse
£2
1986
-
Single Metal Type 1 - Commonwealth Games - XIII COMMONWEALTH GAMES JULY 1986 XIII

Cross of St Andrew, crown of laurel leaves and Scottish Thistle designed by Norman Sillman

Edge Inscription:- XIII COMMONWEALTH GAMES JULY 1986

???
£2
1989
-

Single Metal Type 2 - Bill of Rights - issued in England

Tercentenary of the Bill of Rights - Cypher of 'W&M' (King William and Queen Mary) interlaced surmounting a horizontal Parliamentary Mace and representation of the Royal Crown above and the dates 1689 and 1989 below, all within the inscription 'Tercentenary of the Bill of Rights' or 'Tercentenary of Claim of Right' (latter Scotland only) designed by John Lobban

Edge Inscription:- Milled

???
£2
1989
-

Single Metal Type 3 - Claim of Right - issued in Scotland

Tercentenary of the Claim of Right - Cypher of 'W&M' (King William and Queen Mary) interlaced surmounting a horizontal Parliamentary Mace and representation of the Royal Crown above and the dates 1689 and 1989 below, all within the inscription 'Tercentenary of the Bill of Rights' or 'Tercentenary of Claim of Right' (latter Scotland only) designed by John Lobban

Edge Inscription:- Milled

???
£2
1994
-
Single Metal Type 4 - Tercentenary of the Bank of England

The Bank's Corporate Seal including the Crown and Cypher of King William and Queen Mary and the dates 1694 - 1994 designed by Leslie Durbin

Edge Inscription:- SIC VOS NON VOBIS (thus you labour but not for yourselves)

???
£2
1995
-
Single Metal Type 5 - 50th Anniversary of the end of The Second World War

A stylised representation of a Dove as the symbol of peace designed by John Mills

Edge Inscription:- 1945 IN PEACE GOODWILL 1995

???
£2
1995
-
Single Metal Type 6 - 50th Anniversary of the founding of the United Nations

50th anniversary symbol of United Nations and a fanning pattern of flags with the inscription NATIONS UNITED FOR PEACE above and the dates '1945-1995' below designed by Michael Rizzello

Edge Inscription:- Milled

???
£2
1996
-
Single Metal Type 7 - 10th European Football Championship

A stylised representation of a football, with the date of 1996 centrally placed and encircled by sixteen small rings designed by John Mills

Edge Inscription:- 10th European Football Championship

???
-
-
-
New Bi-metallic Two Pounds

In 1997 a new design was produced for circulation. It was the first bi-metallic coin issued in the UK since the tin farthings with a copper plug in 1692. Due to technical difficulties the new coins were not released by banks until the middle of 1998.

The coin is 12.00 grams in weight, and 28.40 mm diameter, thus maintaining the same diameter as, but weighing less than, the former type. It has a cupro-nickel inner disc and a nickel-brass outer ring, the composition for which is 76% Cu, 20% Zn and 4% Ni.

Proof versions in silver and gold are known. The former has gold layering for the outer ring.

-
-
£2
1997
-

Bi-metallic Type 1 - History of Technological Achievement

Obverse: Second Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Symbolic representation of technological development from the Iron Age, through the Industrial Revolution and the Electronic Age to the Internet. TWO POUNDS above, 1997 below.

Designed by Bruce Rushin.

Edge: STANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS

Issued in 1997 in sets, and now freely available in circulation. They were not formally issued for circulation until June 1998. The delay was because of production difficulties which resulted in rejection by coin-operated machines as the metallic bonding between the two metals was not as consistent as expected. The design on the reverse of the 2 coin traces the story of technological development with four concentric circles representing from inner to outer, the Iron Age, the Industrial Revolution, the Computer Age and the Internet. The edge inscription complements this theme, being taken from a letter written in 1676 by Sir Isaac Newton to his fellow-scientist Robert Hooke, acknowledging the debt he owed to other scientists: 'if I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants'. This quotation, stressing that today's achievements would not be possible without the discoveries of the past, was felt to sum up the spirit of the reverse design. Since Sir Isaac Newton was himself Master of the Royal Mint, from 1699 to 1727, the choice of the quotation seemed particularly appropriate.

-
£2
1998 - at least 2008
-

Bi-metallic Type 2 - History of Technological Achievement

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Symbolic representation of technological development from the Iron Age, through the Industrial Revolution and the Electronic Age to the Internet. TWO POUNDS above, {date} below.

Edge: STANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS

First issued for circulation in June 1998. Proof and uncirculated copies were previously available in Mint sets. 1999 versions are in circulation, but were not available in the proof or uncirculated sets, which contained the Rugby version. All years from 1998 to 2008 can be found in circulation. The 2009 versions are at present only available in the Royal Mint proof and uncirculated sets.

-
-
£2
1999
-

Bi-metallic Type 3 - Rugby World Cup

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Symbolic representation of a stadium with rugby ball and goalposts. 1999 above, TWO POUNDS below. Designed by Ron Dutton.

Edge: RUGBY WORLD CUP 1999

Issued in 1999. Proof and uncirculated copies are available in Mint sets. About 4.9 million have been put into circulation.

4,933,000

£2
2001
-

Bi-metallic Type 4 - 100th Anniversary of Marconi's 1st Wireless Transmission across the Atlantic

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Symbolic representation of Marconi's successful transatlantic wireless transmission of 1901, TWO POUNDS below.

Designed by Robert Evans.

Edge: WIRELESS BRIDGES THE ATLANTIC...MARCONI 1901...

4,558,000

£2
2002
-

Bi-metallic Type 5 - XVII Commonwealth Games in Manchester - England

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: XVII COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2002 around athlete holding a banner, £2 in front and national flag of England behind.

Edge: SPIRIT OF FRIENDSHIP MANCHESTER 2002

These four designs are rarely seen in circulation, although uncirculated examples are readily found in Royal Mint sets, as usual. However, they were not present in the normal 2002 Brilliant Uncirculated set, being issued in a separate folder.

650,500
£2
2002
-

Bi-metallic Type 6 - XVII Commonwealth Games in Manchester - Scotland

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: XVII COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2002 around athlete holding a banner, £2 in front and national flag of Scotland behind.

Edge: SPIRIT OF FRIENDSHIP MANCHESTER 2002

These four designs are rarely seen in circulation, although uncirculated examples are readily found in Royal Mint sets, as usual. However, they were not present in the normal 2002 Brilliant Uncirculated set, being issued in a separate folder.

771,750

£2
2002
-

Bi-metallic Type 7 - XVII Commonwealth Games in Manchester - Wales

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: XVII COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2002 around athlete holding a banner, £2 in front and national flag of Wales behind.

Edge: SPIRIT OF FRIENDSHIP MANCHESTER 2002

These four designs are rarely seen in circulation, although uncirculated examples are readily found in Royal Mint sets, as usual. However, they were not present in the normal 2002 Brilliant Uncirculated set, being issued in a separate folder.

588,500
£2
2002
-
Bi-metallic Type 8 - XVII Commonwealth Games in Manchester - Northern Ireland

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: XVII COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2002 around athlete holding a banner, £2 in front and national flag of Northern Ireland behind.

Edge: SPIRIT OF FRIENDSHIP MANCHESTER 2002

These four designs are rarely seen in circulation, although uncirculated examples are readily found in Royal Mint sets, as usual. However, they were not present in the normal 2002 Brilliant Uncirculated set, being issued in a separate folder.

485,500

£2
2003
-

Bi-metallic Type 9 - DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Representation of the DNA Double Helix, DNA DOUBLE HELIX above, 1953 TWO POUNDS 2003 below.

Designed by John Mills.

Edge: DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID

4,299,000

£2
2004
-

Bi-metallic Type 10 - Trevithick commemoration - 200th Anniversary of the first steam locomotive by Richard Trevithick

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Representation of the first railway locomotive, ring of early rail around, TWO POUNDS above, R.TREVITHICK 1804 INVENTION INDUSTRY PROGRESS 2004 around.

Designed by Robert Lowe.

Edge: Pattern of arcs and lines representing railway viaducts (but unofficially I think it looks more like the fish-bellied rails used for the track at that time).

5,004,500

£2
2005
-

Bi-metallic Type 11 - 400th anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Maces, croziers and swords in 'Catherine Wheel' arrangement, stars representing fireworks around, 1605 2005 above, TWO POUNDS below.

Designed by Peter Forster.

Edge: REMEMBER REMEMBER THE FIFTH OF NOVEMBER

At least one copy is known with an edge inscribed STANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS in error.


5,140,500
£2
2005
-

Bi-metallic Type 12 - WW2 Commemoration

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: St.Pauls Cathedral with searchlight beams, two in a distinctive V formation TWO POUNDS above, 1945-2005 below, commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the end of WW2.

Edge: IN VICTORY MAGNANIMITY IN PEACE GOODWILL.

 

10,191,000

£2
2006
-

Bi-metallic Type 13 - A portrait of Isambard Kingdom Brunel

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: A portrait of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Royal Albert Bridge, chains around. TWO POUNDS above, 2006 below, commemorating the life of Brunel.

Designed by Rod Kelly.

Edge: 1806-59 ISAMBARD KINGDOM BRUNEL ENGINEER.


7,928,250
£2
2006
-

Bi-metallic Type 14 - Arches of Paddington Station

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Arches of Paddington Station, BRUNEL below. TWO POUNDS below, 2006 to top left, commemorating the achievements of Brunel. Designed by Robert Evans.

Edge: SO MANY IRONS IN THE FIRE.

 

7,452,250
£2
2007
-

Bi-metallic Type 15 - Bicentenary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade in the British Empire

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG FID DEF above, TWO POUNDS below, in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: Broken chain and date 1807, the 0 of which is the broken link of the chain, AN ACT FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE around, 2007 below, commemorating the end of the slave trade. Designed by David Gentleman.

Edge: AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER

n.b. there is a subtle difference between coins issued in sets (proof and uncirculated) and those issued for circulation. In the former the designers initials are visible to the right of the 7, and the field is relatively smooth. In the latter the field is rough and the initials are absent.


8,445,000
£2
2007
-

Bi-metallic Type 16 - Tercentenary of the Act of Union between England and Scotland

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing interlocking pattern of portcullis and national symbols, 1707 TWO 2007 POUNDS around, commemorating the Act of Union. Designed by Yvonne Holton.

Edge: UNITED INTO ONE KINGDOM


7,545,000
£2
2008
-

Bi-metallic Type 17 - The Centenary of the London Olympic Games of 1908

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF starting low left in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing racetrack labelled 1908 TWO POUNDS 2008, LONDON OLYMPIC CENTENARY around, commemorating the Centenary of the 1908 Olympic Games held in London. Designed by Thomas T. Docherty.

Edge: THE 4th OLYMPIAD LONDON p

910,000

£2
2008
-
Bi-metallic Type 18 - Olympic Handover Ceremony

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG FID DEF above, TWO POUNDS below, in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing hands exchanging Olympic Flag, BEIJING 2008 LONDON 2012 around, commemorating the 2008 Olympic Games handover. Designed by The Royal Mint Engraving Team.

Edge: I CALL UPON THE YOUTH OF THE WORLD

853,000

£2
2009
-
Bi-metallic Type 19 - 250th Anniversary of the birth of Robert Burns

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA REG FID DEF in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing Charles Darwin facing a chimpanzee, 1809 DARWIN 2009 above, TWO POUNDS below, commemorating the Bicentenary of the Birth of Charles Darwin. Designed by Suzie Zamit.

Edge: ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES 1859

To be issued in 2009. At present only available in Royal Mint sets.

???
£2
2009
-
Bi-metallic Type 20 - 200th Anniversary of Charles Darwin's birth

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG FID DEF, 2009 below, in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing handwritten 'We'll take a cup of kindness yet, For auld lang syne', 1759 ROBERT BURNS 1796 above, TWO POUNDS below, commemorating the 250th Anniversary of the Birth of Robert Burns. Designed by The Royal Mint Engraving Team.

Edge: SHOULD AULD ACQUAINTANCE BE FORGOT

To be issued in 2009. At present only available in Royal Mint sets.

???
£2
2010
-
Bi-metallic Type 21 - 100th Anniversary of the death of Florence Nightingale

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG FID DEF above, 2010 below, in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing the hands of a nurse taking the pulse of a patient, 1820 FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE - 1910 above, TWO POUNDS below, commemorating the 150th Anniversary of the publication of Florence Nightingale's book 'Notes on Nursing'. Designed by Gordon Summers

Edge: 150 YEARS OF NURSING

To be issued in 2010. At present only available in Royal Mint sets.

???
£2
2011
-
Bi-metallic Type 22 - Mary Rose Ship

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG FID DEF above, 2011 below, in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing the Mary Rose ship, THE MARY ROSE above, TWO POUNDS below, commemorating the first ship to carry cannons able to fire a broadside from watertight gun ports and embarked on her maiden voyage 500 years ago, in 1511. Designed by John Bergdahl FRBS

Edge: YOUR NOBLEST SHIPPE 1511

To be issued in 2011?. At present only available in Royal Mint sets.

???
£2
2011
-
Bi-metallic Type 23 - King James Bible

Obverse: Third Portrait in cupronickel centre, with inscription ELIZABETH II D G REG FID DEF above, 2011 below, in the nickel-brass ring.

Reverse: design showing the inscription IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD, KING JAMES BIBLE above and 1611-2011 below, commemorating the four hundredth aniversary of its first publication. Designed by Paul Stafford & Ben Wright

Edge: UNKNOWN

To be issued in 2011?. At present only available in Royal Mint sets.

???
£2
2012
-
Charles Dickens £2 - Celebrating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Britain’s best-loved author Charles Dickens
Taken from Dickens’ own favourite story, David Copperfield, the words chosen for the edge inscription are those of the lovable and always hopeful Mr Micawber: SOMETHING WILL TURN UP. The obverse features the familiar portrait of The Queen by Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS.

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-
£2
-
-
-
???
-
£2
-
-
-
???
-
£2
-
-
-
???
-
£2
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50 Pence commemorative coins
1 commemorative coins
2 commemorative coins

Special issue Crown coins.

Twenty-Five Pence

Crown sized coins continue to be issued for major Royal events. As the crown had been five shillings before decimalisation, the denomination continued as 25 pence for the first ten years. Four issues were made between 1971 and 1981. A characteristic of all of these four 25p versions is that they have no indication of value, whereas the later 5 pound coins all do.

Weight: 28.28 grams, Diameter 38.61 mm; circulation issues are in cupronickel (75% Cu 25% Ni) although proofs are known in silver of various degrees of fineness.

1972 Silver Wedding (25th Anniversary).
Obverse: First Portrait, ELIZABETH II D.G.REG F.D.
Reverse: Crowned EP on floral arrangement. ELIZABETH AND PHILIP above, 20 NOVEMBER 1947-1972 below


1977 25th Anniversary of Queen's Accession.
Obverse: Queen on Horseback, ELIZABETH II DG REG FD 1977
Reverse: Coronation Regalia with floral border. Crown above. No Inscription.


1980 Queen Mother's 80th Birthday.
Obverse: First Portrait, ELIZABETH II D.G.REG F.D.
Reverse: Head of Queen Mother with bows and lions (a pun on her maiden name, Bowes-Lyon) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE QUEEN MOTHER AUGUST 4th 1980


1981 Royal Wedding.
Obverse: First Portrait, ELIZABETH II D.G.REG F.D.
Reverse: Conjoined heads of Charles & Diana H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES AND LADY DIANA SPENCER 1981

Five Pounds

By 1990 inflation had meant that to issue a large coin at 25p would result in a large portion of the income being taken up in minting the coin, and the purchasing power of the first commemorative crown of 1935 was well over ten times that of 25p in 1990. As a result it was decided that future issues of crown sized coins would have a face value of five pounds.

It is a misnomer to call them crowns, however, as the crown has been five shillings since 1551. They are correctly referred to as crown-sized coins.

Weight: 28.28 grams, Diameter 38.61 mm, cupronickel, although silver and gold proofs are known.

Starting in 2009 the Royal Mint started to issue large numbers of Non-circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) crowns issued only in bullion for the London Olympics. Until I get further information from the Royal Mint I will not be listing these items.

While technically five pound coins are legal tender, banks are reluctant to accept them. Consequently traders are also likely to refuse them.

 

 

Country
Year of issue
MM
Description
Mintage
Quality
Packing
Reverse
Five Shillings
1953
-
The Queen's Coronation

The four quarterings of the Royal Arms each contained in a shield and arranged in saltire with, in the intervening spaces, a rose, a thistle, a sprig of shamrock and a leek; in the centre the Crown and in the base the date of the year, 1953.

Edge inscription: FAITH AND TRUTH I WILL BEAR UNTO YOU

Obverse designer: Gilbert Ledward

Reverse designer: Cecil Thomas/Edgar Fuller

-
Five Shillings
1960
-
New York Exhibition

The four quarterings of the Royal Arms each contained in a shield and arranged in saltire with, in the intervening spaces, a rose, a thistle, a sprig of shamrock and a leek; in the centre the Crown and in the base the date of the year, 1960.

-
Five Shillings
1965
-
Winston Churchill Memorial


Portrait of Sir Winston Churchill and the word CHURCHILL

-
25 pence
1972
-
The Queen & Prince Philip's Silver Wedding

The initials EP on a background of foliage, figure of Eros above the royal crown

Obverse designer: Arnold Machin

Reverse designer: Arnold Machin

7,452,100
25 pence
1977
-
The Queen's Silver Jubilee

The Ampulla and Anointing Spoon encircled by a floral border and above a royal crown

Obverse designer: Arnold Machin

Reverse designer: Arnold Machin


37,061,160
25 pence
1980
-
The Queen Mother's 80th Birthday

In the centre a portrait of the Queen Mother surrounded by bows and lions with the inscription QUEEN ELIZABETH THE QUEEN MOTHER 4 AUGUST 1980

Obverse designer: Arnold Machin

Reverse designer: Richard Guyatt

9,306,000
25 pence
1981
-
Prince Charles & Lady Diana's Wedding

Portrait of The Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer with the inscription HRH the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer 1981

Obverse designer: Arnold Machin

Reverse designer: Philip Nathan

26,773,600
£5
1990
-
The Queen Mother's 90th Birthday

A cypher in the letter E in duplicate, above a royal crown flanked by a rose and a thistle all within the inscription QUEEN ELIZABETH THE QUEEN MOTHER and the dates 1900-1990

Edge: Milled

Obverse designer: Raphael Maklouf

Reverse designer: Leslie Durbin

2,761,431
£5
1993
-

40th Anniversary of Coronation

Obverse: Small portrait of same design as 1960 crown, surrounded by trumpeters and swords. ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA FID DEF above, FIVE POUNDS below

Reverse: Crown within 40 radially aligned trumpets FAITH AND TRUTH I WILL BEAR UNTO YOU 1953-1993

Edge: Milled

1,834,655
£5
1996
-
QEII's 70th Birthday

St Edward's Crown encircled by forty trumpets all within the inscription FAITH AND TRUTH I WILL BEAR UNTO YOU and the anniversary dates 1953-1993

Obverse designer: Raphael Maklouf

Reverse designer: Avril Vaughan

2,396,100
£5
1997
-
The Queen and Prince Philip's 50th Golden Wedding

A pair of Shields, chevronwise, on the left, Shield of Our Royal Arms, on the right, Shield of Prince Philip, above a Royal Crown and the date 20 NOVEMBER, below an anchor cabled and FIVE POUNDS

Obverse designer: Philip Nathan

Reverse designer: Leslie Durbin

1,733,000
£5
1998
-
Prince Charles' 50th Birthday

A portrait of Prince Charles and in the background words relating to the work of The Prince's Trust. A circumscription of FIFTIETH BIRTHDAY OF HRH PRINCE OF WALES and below FIVE POUNDS flanked by anniversary dates of 1948 and 1998

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Michael Noakes/Robert Elderton

1,407,300
£5
1999
-
Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Crown

A portrait of Diana, Princess of Wales with the dates 1961 and 1997, circumscription IN MEMORY OF DIANA PRINCESS OF WALES and the value FIVE POUNDS

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: David Cornell

5,396,300
£5
1999
-
Millennium Crown

A representation of a dial of a clock, hands set at 12 o'clock with a map of the British Isles and the dates 1999 and 2000 and the words ANNO DOMINI and the value FIVE POUNDS

Edge inscription: WHAT'S PAST IS PROLOGUE

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Jeffrey Matthews

-
£5
2000
-

Millennium Crown

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-
£5
2000
-
The Queen Mother's 100th Birthday

A portrait of the Queen Mother,flanked by groups of people with the circumscription QUEEN ELIZABETH THE QUEEN MOTHER, the anniversary dates 1900-2000. Below the portrait a representation of her signature.

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

3,147,092
£5
2001
-
Death of Queen Victoria 100th anniversary

A representation of Crystal Palace within the value FIVE POUNDS, stylised railway lines in the shape of a V incorporating a portrait of Queen Victoria, remnant of the words ONE PENNY and anniversary dates of 1901 and 2001

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Mary Milner-Dickens

851,491
£5
2002
-
The Queen's Golden Jubilee

A portrait of the Queen with the value FIVE POUNDS below

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

3,469,243
£5
2002
-
Queen Mother Memorial Crown

A portrait of the Queen Mother encircled by a wreath and with the circumscription QUEEN ELIZABETH THE QUEEN MOTHER and the dates 1900-2002

Edge inscription: STRENGTH DIGNITY LAUGHTER

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Avril Vaughan

-
£5
2003
-
The Queen's Coronation 50th Anniversary

GOD SAVE THE QUEEN in the centre surrounded by the words CORONATION JUBILEE FIVE POUNDS and the anniversary date 2003

Obverse designer: Tom Phillips

Reverse designer: Tom Phillips

1,307,147
£5
2004
-
Entente Cordiale between Great Britain and France 100th Anniversary

Combined figures of Britannia and Marianne, with the words ENTENTE CORDIALE and the anniversary dates 1904 and 2004

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: David Gentleman

1,205,594
£5
2005
-
200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar

Design features HMS Victory & Termeraire in battle surrounded by inscription TRAFALGAR and the dates 1805 & 2005

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Clive Duncan

1,075,516
£5
2005
-
200th anniversary of the death of Horatio Nelson

A portrait of Horatio Nelson and the dates 1805 & 2005
Edge Inscription: ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERYMAN TO DO HIS DUTY

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: James Butler

-
£5
2006
-
The Queen's 80th Birthday

Three trumpets with trumpet banners accompanied by the inscription '1926 VIVAT REGINA 2006' Edge inscription: DUTY SERVICE FAITH

Obverse Designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse Designer: Danuta Solowiej-Wedderburn

-
£5
2007
-
Diamond Wedding Anniversary of the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh

The rose window of Westminster Abbey accompanied by the inscription "TVEATVR VNITA DEVS", the dates "1947" and "2007", and the denomination "FIVE POUNDS".
Edge Inscription: MY STRENGTH AND STAY

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Emma Noble

-
£5
2008
-
450th Anniversary of the Accession of Queen Elizabeth I

A portrait of Queen Elizabeth I crowned and set within a mandorla. A rose has been placed at each connecting point while the two side arches each contain a leaf pattern reminiscent of the carvings made by Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. The year of her accession and the year of the anniversary are both shown in Roman numerals.

Edge Inscription: I HAVE REIGNED WITH YOUR LOVES

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Rod Kelly

-
£5
2008
-
Prince Charles' 60th Birthday

A portrait of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales

Edge Inscription: SIXTIETH BIRTHDAY

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

-
£5
2009
-
2009 Countdown to London 2012
-
£5
2009
-

500th anniversary of the accession of Henry VIII

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: John Bergdahl

-
£5
2010
-

350 years since the Restoration of the Monarchy

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse designer: David Cornell

-
£5
2010
-

Prince Philip 90th Birthday

Obverse designer: Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS

Reverse: shows the face of Prince Philip with PRINCE PHILIP . 90TH BIRTHDAY . FIVE POUNDS . 2011 around the edge clockwise from 6 to just after 12 o'clock.

Designer: David Cornell

-
-
£5
2012
-

Queen’s Diamond Jubilee £5 - •Features a new portrait specially created for 2012
pays tribute to a Queen who has reigned with grace and dignity for 60 years

The obverse, reminiscent of his own sculpture created for the Supreme Court building in Parliament Square, features a faithful portrait of The Queen as she is today, crowned and wearing the robes of the Order of the Garter. The reverse bears a portrait of the young Queen Elizabeth just as she appeared on her first coinage with decorative leaves reminiscent of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee medal. In another link to the coinage of Victoria, the latin words DIRIGE DEUS GRESSUS MEOS (May God Guide My Steps) which appeared on the gold £5 coin of 1839, completes the design.

-
£5
2012
-
London 2012 Paralympic Brilliant Uncirculated £5 - Pippa Sanderson, a student at Hereford College of Arts, won the Royal Mint competition to design the official UK £5 coin for the London 2012 Paralympic Games. This Official Paralympic coin has now been struck and features the elements of accuracy, speed and manoeuvrability within her design, as well as a section of the clock face of Big Ben, alluding to the host city of the 2012 Games – London.

-
-
£5
2012
-
London 2012 Olympic Brilliant Uncirculated £5 - Our congratulations go to architecture student Saiman Miah who designed the Official London 2012 Olympic £5 coin. His design features the London skyline and the River Thames, with the pictograms of athletes placed around the outside of the design like a clock face, representing one of London’s greatest icons - Big Ben. The official London 2012 Olympic emblem appears at the top of his design making this coin a beautiful keepsake of the London 2012 Olympic Games.

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£5
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