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Information on this page has been sourced from www.eurocoins.liesemeijer.com

A Glossary Numismatic terms and Abbreviations

Abbreviation Terminology Definition
Alignment The relationship between the obverse and reverse of the coin. Either the reverse is upside down compared to the obverse when rotated with fingers at the top and bottom of the coin, or the reverse is up the same way when the coin is rotated with fingers at the top and bottom of the coin. The latter is the most common alignment for British coins dated 1860-date and may be referred to in this book as up/up. In the same way the upside down alignment may sometimes be referred to as up/down.
Berries Usually refers to the number of berries in the wreath around the monarch's head.
BV Bullion Value Bullion Value, i.e no collectors premium over the value of the metal.
  Commemorative Coin A Commemorative Coin is issued to honor an important event, person or place. In general commemorative coins are not produced for circulation and issued once only.
H H An 'H' after the date in the first column indicates the coin was struck at the Heaton Mint in Birmingham. The 'H' mintmark will appear on the coin either next to, or under its date.
Incuse Struck inwards. Lettering or a design element on a coin that is the opposite to raised. For example, the edge lettering on the modern £1 coin.
KN KN 'KN' after the date in the first column indicates the coin was struck at the
Kings Norton Mint in Birmingham. The 'KN' will appear on the coin next to the date.
Modified Effigy (George V only) In the absence of a direct comparison, the modified effigy (or modified head) can be distinguished by the initials which appear on the truncation of the neck. Before modification, the initials B.M. are placed near the centre of truncation. After modification they appear, without stops, well to the right thus: BM (not B.M.) The initials are those of the designer of the coin: Bertram Mackennal.
Mule A Mule is when a coin gets made with the wrong combination of obverse and reverse.
Obv Obverse The side of the coin with the head of the Monarch on.
Pattern A proposed coin type that was not used for circulation.
Piedfort A coin that is struck on a thicker blank than is usual. Relatively recently the Royal mint starting coining Silver Piedfort coins.
Pointing/Points To distinguish a different die used to strike a particular coin, often 'pointings' are used. They normally refer to a letter or design element on the coin, and to whether it points directly at, or between two border teeth or another element of the coin.
Proof A special striking of a coin using specially prepared and polished dies and blanks.
Rev Reverse The opposite side of the coin to the obverse, or the 'tails' side.
Teeth/Beads The small teeth or circles surrounding the inner rim of many British coins. Beads are circular, teeth are elongated.
trunc Truncation The base of the monarch's neck, often containing the designers initials.


Euro Coin Terminology

See Euro Coin Glossary page.

Coin Grading Terminology

See Coin Grading Glossary page.